Generally, the term “Equivalent Blood Money” or “Proportional Blood Money” refers to monetary compensation paid to the victim, or their guardian due to harm inflicted on body parts other than losing a life, for which the full blood money for death cannot be paid. Full blood money can also substitute for bodily harm less than death, especially in irreversible damage, such as loss of limbs, eyes, or hearing.
The system of Equivalent Blood Money has two parts. First, there’s assessed blood money, where the law sets a specific amount. If the injury is very severe and completely disabled an organ or its function, and if only one of these organs exists, the awarded compensation is the full blood money, which is 200,000 AED. But if there are two of those lost organs, and only one is lost, then the awarded compensation equals half of the full blood money, which then will be set to 100,000 AED. If the injury does not fully disable the organ, the compensation is based on how much damage was done.
However, the UAE’s legal system also recognizes a more nuanced form of compensation known as unassessed blood money. Unlike assessed blood money, this category is not predefined by law. Instead, its determination is entrusted to experienced experts and the court’s discretion. Unassessed blood money comes into play when injuries do not meet the criteria for Equivalent Blood Money for specific reasons.
In conclusion, the UAE’s Civil Law ensures that Equivalent Blood Money fairly compensates for harm inflicted on body parts other than life. The law’s provisions cater to various degrees of harm, whether predefined or assessed through expert guidance while accounting for cases without permanent effects. This meticulous legal framework balances justice and practicality, striving to provide fair compensation in various scenarios.
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